There's a common image that comes to mind when one hears the term "Collie." You might envision a regal, long-haired dog, perhaps akin to Lassie, the famous Rough Collie of television and film. But did you know there are several different types of Collies, each with its unique traits and history? Let's explore this versatile breed in more depth, starting with its most recognized member.

The Iconic Rough Collie

When we talk about Collies, the Rough Collie is often the first that comes to mind. This beautiful breed, characterized by its dense, long coat and pointed ears, is known for its intelligence and loyalty. Rough Collies are renowned for their ability to understand and respond to complex commands, making them perfect for a fun day of hiking or an interactive training session.

Smooth Collie: The Rough's Short-Haired Cousin

The Smooth Collie, as its name suggests, has a shorter, smoother coat than its Rough counterpart. This breed shares the Rough Collie's iconic wedge-shaped head and expressive almond-shaped eyes. Smooth Collies are just as trainable and intelligent as their Rough counterparts but may have slightly less seasonal shedding due to their shorter coat.

Border Collie: The Workaholic

Border Collies are workaholics, renowned for their unmatched herding skills. These highly energetic dogs require plenty of mental and physical stimulation. They are known for their intense gaze, or "eye," which they use to control livestock. Their high energy and determination make them perfect companions for outdoor enthusiasts and those who enjoy an active lifestyle.

Bearded Collie: The Shaggy Sheepdog

The Bearded Collie, or "Beardie," is a long-haired breed, full of energy and enthusiasm. Their name comes from the hair that falls over their eyes and the "beard" on their chin. Known for their agility and endurance, these Collies are happy dogs that enjoy a good romp outdoors. They are also known for their distinctive, loud bark, a form of dog communication that shows their enthusiasm for life.

types of collies

Health and Care for Collies

While all types of Collies are generally healthy, they can be prone to certain health conditions, including allergies. Regular check-ups with the vet, a balanced diet, and sufficient exercise can help prevent these issues and keep your Collie happy and healthy. Moreover, it's essential to ensure your Collie is microchipped, as a microchip can be invaluable in reuniting you with your pet should they ever become lost.

Understanding Collie Temperament

Collies are known for their friendly and protective nature. These dogs are excellent family pets, with a natural tendency to look after their 'pack.' They're intelligent and quick to learn, making them fantastic partners for various activities, from herding livestock to performing tricks to simply enjoying an active family life.

Training and Exercising Your Collie

Training a Collie is usually a rewarding experience. Their intelligence and eagerness to please make them quick learners. Remember, a well-trained dog is a happy dog. And a happy dog makes for a happy owner!

Exercising your Collie is also crucial. As mentioned, Border Collies and Bearded Collies, in particular, have lots of energy to burn. Regular walks, play sessions, and activities like fetch or Frisbee can help keep them physically and mentally stimulated.

Choosing the Right Collie for You

The best Collie for you will depend on your lifestyle, living situation, and personal preferences. If you're active and enjoy the great outdoors, a Border Collie or Bearded Collie could be a fantastic fit.

If you're looking for a loyal family pet with a less intense need for exercise, the Rough or Smooth Collie might be a better choice. No matter which Collie you choose, you'll have a loyal, intelligent, and loving companion by your side.

Adopting a Collie

When it comes to adopting a Collie, it's always best to consider rescuing before buying. Many Collies end up in shelters and rescues, waiting for their forever homes.

Before adopting, make sure you're ready for the responsibility. Remember, owning a dog is a long-term commitment that includes providing proper nutrition, health care, and plenty of love and attention.

Collie Grooming Needs

Collie grooming needs can vary depending on the type of Collie. Rough and Bearded Collies have long, thick coats that require regular grooming to prevent matting and tangles. These breeds also go through a period of seasonal shedding, during which they'll require more frequent brushing to keep their coats looking their best.

Smooth Collies, on the other hand, have a shorter coat that's easier to maintain, but they'll still benefit from regular brushing. And don't forget about their ears and teeth; regular checks and cleaning are essential for their overall health.

Collie Breed Origin

The Collie breed originated in Scotland and Northern England, where they were primarily used as herding dogs. The word "Collie" is thought to come from the Old English word for 'black,' possibly referencing the black-faced sheep they were originally bred to herd.

These dogs were bred for their intelligence and herding instincts, traits that are still prominent in Collies today. While their roles have expanded to include companionship and show dogs, their intelligence and trainability make them excellent in various activities, from agility trials to search-and-rescue work.

types of collies

Collie Lifespan and Health Issues

Collies typically live between 10 to 14 years, depending on their health and lifestyle. While generally healthy, they can be susceptible to certain health conditions. Common health issues in Collies include eye disorders like Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA), Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA), and hip dysplasia. Regular vet checks and early screening can help detect these issues early and provide appropriate treatment.

It's also important to note that Collies can suffer from allergies, which can cause skin irritation and discomfort. If you notice your Collie scratching more than usual or developing rashes, a trip to the vet is necessary.

Importance of Microchipping Your Collie

Every Collie, like all dogs, should be microchipped. Microchipping is a simple procedure where a tiny chip containing your contact information is inserted under your dog's skin. If your Collie ever gets lost, this chip can be scanned by a vet or animal shelter, quickly getting you reunited with your pet.

Microchipping can be done at your local vet, and it's a small price to pay for the peace of mind it brings.

Collie Diet and Nutrition

Collies require a balanced diet to stay healthy. Quality dog food, whether commercially produced or homemade (under vet supervision), should be rich in protein, contain a moderate amount of fat, and have a mix of fruits and vegetables for essential vitamins and minerals.

Additionally, Border Collies and Bearded Collies, due to their high energy levels, may require a diet with a slightly higher calorie content than other breeds. Always consult your vet to determine the best diet for your specific Collie's age, weight, and activity level.

Understanding Dog Communication

Understanding dog communication is essential to build a strong bond with your Collie. Collies use a range of signals, from barks and howls to body language, to communicate their feelings and needs. For example, a Collie wagging its tail enthusiastically is usually a happy dog. On the other hand, a Collie that avoids eye contact and keeps its tail between its legs might be feeling anxious or scared.

Keeping Your Collie Safe with Fi Dog Collars

All types of Collies are known for their intelligence and energy. As active breeds, they can sometimes wander off during a hiking trip or even from your backyard. A Fi Dog Collar can help you keep track of your Collie's location at all times.

Fi Dog Collars are equipped with GPS technology that connects to your smartphone, allowing you to track your dog's whereabouts directly from your device. It's like a microchip, but with the added advantage of real-time tracking.

In the event your Collie gets lost, you can quickly locate them using the live tracking feature. This advanced technology can offer peace of mind for any Collie owner.

Tracking Your Collie's Health with Fi

Fi Dog Collars are not just for location tracking; they also help monitor your Collie's health. Remember, a well-exercised Collie is a happy dog. The Fi collar allows you to track your dog's daily steps, providing an insight into their activity levels.

This can be particularly useful for owners of Border and Bearded Collies, known for their high-energy nature. The Fi Collar ensures they're getting enough exercise to stay healthy and burn off their abundant energy.

Fi Collars and Seasonal Shedding

Collies, especially Rough and Bearded Collies, go through a phase of seasonal shedding. While Fi Collars can't prevent shedding, their durable design can withstand it. They're built to last, resisting even the thickest of Collie coats. Plus, they're comfortable for your Collie to wear, ensuring that they won't feel irritated, which can sometimes be triggered by allergies.

types of collies

Fi Collars and Dog Communication

Fi Collars also come with LED lights that can be customized and controlled through the Fi app. This unique feature not only makes your dog visible during night-time walks but could also be used as a form of dog communication.

For instance, a specific light color can signal to others that your Collie is friendly and approachable, which is particularly helpful during evening strolls or hikes.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What are the different types of Collies?

There are four main types of Collies: the Rough Collie, the Smooth Collie, the Border Collie, and the Bearded Collie. Each has its unique characteristics and qualities, though all Collies are known for their intelligence and loyalty.

2. How much exercise does a Collie need?

Collies are active and intelligent dogs. Border and Bearded Collies are especially energetic and require significant amounts of exercise. Daily walks, playtime, and mental stimulation such as training or puzzle toys are essential for keeping a Collie happy and healthy.

3. What health issues are common in Collies?

Collies can be susceptible to certain health conditions such as Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA), Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA), and hip dysplasia. They can also suffer from allergies. Regular vet check-ups and early screening can help detect and treat these conditions.

4. What is a Fi Dog Collar, and how can it benefit my Collie?

A Fi Dog Collar is a smart collar equipped with GPS technology that allows you to track your dog's location in real time. It also monitors your dog's daily steps and has an LED light feature. This collar is useful for keeping track of your Collie, monitoring their exercise, and enhancing their visibility during night-time walks.

5. How can I understand my Collie's communication?

Dogs, including Collies, communicate through barks, howls, and body language. Understanding these signals can help you build a stronger bond with your Collie and better cater to their needs.

6. How do I care for my Collie's coat, especially during seasonal shedding?

Regular grooming is key to maintaining a Collie's coat, particularly for Rough and Bearded Collies with their long, thick hair. During seasonal shedding periods, more frequent brushing will be required to manage loose hair and prevent matting.

7. Why should I microchip my Collie?

Microchipping is a simple procedure that involves inserting a small chip with your contact information under your dog's skin. If your Collie ever gets lost, the chip can be scanned by a vet or animal shelter, helping you reunite with your pet quickly. The Fi Dog Collar offers a similar benefit with its GPS tracking feature.


In conclusion, the world of Collies is as diverse as it is fascinating, offering a variety of breeds to suit different lifestyles and preferences. From the high-energy Border and Bearded Collies, perfect for active individuals or families, to the gentle and loyal Rough and Smooth Collies, ideal for a quieter pace of life, there's a Collie for every dog lover.

As a Collie owner, it's essential to ensure their health, happiness, and safety. Regular grooming, especially during seasonal shedding, a balanced diet, and adequate exercise contribute to their wellbeing. Paying attention to their unique dog communication helps strengthen the bond and promote a happier dog.

To enhance your experience of owning a Collie and provide peace of mind, a Fi Dog Collar can be an invaluable tool. With its GPS technology for tracking your dog's location, step monitoring for health, and the LED light for visibility and communication, it's more than just a collar—it's an accessory for a happier, healthier Collie.

So, if you're ready to invite a Collie into your life or enhance your existing relationship with one, you're set for an incredibly rewarding journey full of love, loyalty, and boundless energy.