"What is an American Foxhound? The American Foxhound, a breed originating in the United States, descended from the English Foxhound and was specifically bred for hunting foxes in the American colonies. Recognized for its athleticism, endurance, and exceptional sense of smell, the breed has a rich history rooted in the pursuit of hunting excellence."

The American Foxhound is a medium to large-sized dog with a muscular build and a short, dense coat. They come in a variety of colors including black, brown, white, and tan. Their ears are long and droopy, and their eyes are large and expressive. They are friendly, social dogs that are known for their loyalty and affection towards their owners.

American Foxhound

As a hunting dog breed, the American Foxhound requires regular exercise and mental stimulation. They are highly energetic and enjoy running, hiking, and playing with their owners. They are also intelligent dogs that respond well to training and socialization. Overall, the American Foxhound is a beloved breed that makes a great companion for active families and individuals who enjoy spending time outdoors.

History and Origin

Early Beginnings

The American Foxhound is a breed of dog that has a long and storied history. The breed was developed in the United States in the 18th century, and it is believed to have descended from English Foxhounds that were brought over by early settlers. These dogs were bred for their hunting ability, and they quickly became popular with hunters in Virginia and Maryland.

George Washington's Influence

One of the most famous American Foxhound owners was George Washington. Washington was an avid hunter, and he is credited with playing a key role in the development of the breed. He imported several English Foxhounds to Mount Vernon, and he used them to breed his pack of American Foxhounds. Washington was known for his love of the breed, and he even wrote about them in his diaries.

collar for dog

Development of the Breed

Over time, the American Foxhound became a distinct breed with its unique characteristics. The breed was further developed by several influential breeders, including Trigg, Marquis de Lafayette, and Robert Brooke. These breeders worked to refine the breed, and they were responsible for establishing many of the traits that are now associated with the American Foxhound.

Today, the American Foxhound is a popular breed of dog that is known for its hunting ability, loyalty, and friendly disposition. The breed is still used for hunting, but it is also a popular companion animal for families and individuals alike. Whether you are a hunter or simply looking for a loyal and friendly pet, the American Foxhound is an excellent choice.

Breed Characteristics

Physical Traits

The American Foxhound is a medium to large-sized breed, weighing between 65 and 75 pounds and standing 21 to 25 inches tall at the shoulder. They have a short, dense coat that comes in a variety of colors, including black, white, tan, and red. Their ears are long and floppy, and their eyes are large and brown. The breed is known for its long, muscular legs and its straight, long tail.

American Foxhound

Temperament and Personality

The American Foxhound is a friendly and energetic breed, known for their sweet and gentle nature. They are highly social and love to be around people and other dogs. However, they can also be reserved and independent, and may not always be interested in following commands. This breed is known for being stubborn and may require a firm and consistent hand in training.

Despite their independent streak, American Foxhounds are highly energetic and require plenty of exercise. They are known for their stamina and endurance and are often used in hunting and tracking activities. This breed is not well-suited for apartment living and does best in a home with a large, fenced yard where they can run and play.

Overall, the American Foxhound is a loyal and affectionate breed that makes a great companion for those who are willing to put in the time and effort to train and exercise them properly.

Care and Training

Exercise Requirements

American Foxhounds are energetic and active dogs that require a lot of exercise to maintain their physical and mental health. They need at least an hour of daily exercise to prevent boredom and destructive behavior. It's important to provide them with a large, secure area to run and play, such as a fenced yard or a dog park. Foxhounds also enjoy going for long walks or jogs with their owners, so it's a good idea to take them on daily walks or runs.

dog collar

Grooming and Maintenance

American Foxhounds have a short, dense coat that requires minimal grooming. Weekly brushing with a soft-bristled brush will help remove loose hair and dirt. They should be bathed only when necessary to avoid stripping their coat of natural oils. Regular nail trimming, teeth brushing, and ear cleaning are also important parts of their grooming routine.

Training and Socialization

American Foxhounds are intelligent and independent dogs that can be challenging to train. Early socialization and obedience training are crucial to prevent them from becoming stubborn and difficult to handle. Positive reinforcement methods, such as treats and praise, work best with these dogs. It's important to establish yourself as the pack leader and to provide consistent, firm, and fair training.

Foxhounds are social animals that thrive on human companionship and interaction. They enjoy spending time with their owners and other dogs, so it's important to socialize them with other dogs and people from a young age. They also require a lot of mental stimulation, so it's a good idea to provide them with puzzle toys and other interactive games.

Overall, American Foxhounds are loyal and affectionate dogs that require a lot of care and attention. With proper exercise, grooming, training, and socialization, they can make wonderful pets for active and experienced owners.

Health and Lifespan

Common Health Issues

Like any breed, the American Foxhound is prone to certain health issues. One of the most common health problems in this breed is hip dysplasia, a genetic condition that affects the hip joint. This can cause pain and difficulty with movement, and can eventually lead to arthritis. Dysplasia, a condition in which the bones do not develop properly, is also a concern for American Foxhounds.

Another potential health issue for this breed is bone cancer, which is more common in larger breeds but can still affect American Foxhounds. It is important to keep an eye out for any signs of lameness or swelling, as early detection can improve the chances of successful treatment.

healthy life for your American Foxhound

Maximizing Health and Longevity

To help ensure a long and healthy life for your American Foxhound, it is important to provide proper nutrition, exercise, and preventative care. Regular veterinary check-ups can help catch any potential health issues early on, and keeping up with vaccinations and parasite prevention can help keep your dog healthy.

Proper exercise is also important for this breed, as they have a lot of energy and need plenty of opportunities to run and play. A balanced diet and regular exercise can also help prevent obesity, which can lead to a range of health problems.

On average, American Foxhounds have a lifespan of 11 to 13 years. While genetics play a role in lifespan, providing proper care and attention can help maximize your dog's health and longevity.

American Foxhound in Modern Society

As Family Pets

Although American Foxhounds are primarily bred for hunting, they can also make excellent family pets. They are known for their friendly and sociable nature, which makes them great companions for children and other pets. However, it is important to note that they have a strong hunting instinct and may chase after smaller animals like cats or rabbits, so it is important to supervise them around other animals.

In terms of living arrangements, American Foxhounds can adapt to both city and outdoor environments. They require daily exercise and plenty of space to run around, so a home with a large backyard or access to a park would be ideal. They also require regular grooming to maintain their short, shiny coat.

In Hunting and Field Competitions

As pack hounds, American Foxhounds are well-suited for hunting and field competitions. They have a keen sense of smell and can track scents for miles, making them ideal for hunting games like foxes and deer. They are also known for their endurance and can run for hours without tiring.

In field competitions, American Foxhounds are judged based on their ability to track scents and stay on course. They are also judged on their speed, agility, and overall performance. These competitions provide an opportunity for American Foxhound owners to showcase their dog's skills and compete against other hunting breeds.

American Foxhounds

Breed Recognition and Clubs

The American Foxhound is recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) and is classified as a member of the hound group. The AKC sets standards for the breed's appearance and temperament, and breeders must adhere to these standards to maintain the breed's integrity.

There are also several clubs dedicated to the American Foxhound, including the American Foxhound Club and the Virginia Foxhound Club. These clubs provide information and resources for American Foxhound owners, as well as opportunities to participate in hunting and field competitions.

Overall, the American Foxhound is a versatile breed that can excel in both hunting and family environments. With proper training and socialization, they can make loyal and affectionate companions for those who enjoy an active lifestyle.


"The American Foxhound, a breed originating in the United States, descended from the English Foxhound and was specifically bred for hunting foxes in the American colonies. What is an American Foxhound? Recognized for its athleticism, endurance, and exceptional sense of smell, the breed has a rich history rooted in the pursuit of hunting excellence. In conclusion, the American Foxhound stands as a testament to its heritage, blending the characteristics of the English Foxhound with a distinct American lineage. This breed, shaped by a history of hunting foxes in the American colonies, embodies qualities of athleticism, endurance, and a remarkable sense of smell. As a versatile and resilient companion, the American Foxhound has adapted to various roles beyond its original hunting purpose."

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the typical traits of an American Foxhound's temperament?

American Foxhounds are known for their friendly, outgoing, and sociable temperament. They are highly energetic, and curious, and love to explore their surroundings. They are also gentle, and affectionate, and get along well with children and other pets. However, they have a strong prey drive and may chase after small animals.

How long do American Foxhounds usually live?

The average lifespan of an American Foxhound is between 10 to 13 years. However, with proper care and nutrition, some may live up to 15 years or more.

What is the average height range for an American Foxhound?

American Foxhounds are medium to large-sized dogs, with an average height range of 21 to 25 inches at the shoulder. They weigh between 55 to 75 pounds.

What colors are common in American Foxhound coats?

American Foxhounds have a short and dense coat that comes in a variety of colors, including black, white, tan, and red. Some may have a combination of these colors.

How much shedding can be expected from an American Foxhound?

American Foxhounds shed moderately throughout the year. Regular brushing can help reduce shedding and keep their coat healthy and shiny.

Can American Foxhounds adapt well to family environments?

American Foxhounds can adapt well to family environments, provided they receive proper socialization and training from an early age. They thrive in homes with a large yard or ample space to run and play. However, they may not be suitable for apartment living due to their high energy levels.