When it comes to hunting dogs, the Blue Tick Hound is a breed that stands out for its remarkable tracking abilities and striking appearance. Known for its blue-speckled coat and keen sense of smell, the Blue Tick Hound has gained popularity not only as a hunting companion but also as a loyal and loving family pet. In this article, we will explore the glamorous world of Blue Tick Hounds, from their past and physical characteristics to their temperament, training requirements, and more.

The Blue Tick Hound, also known as the Bluetick Coonhound, is a breed of scent hound that originated in the United States. These dogs are popular for their distinctive coat pattern, which consists of a dark blue or black coat with ticking, or small spots of lighter color. Blue Tick Hounds are medium to large-sized dogs with a well-muscled bodies, long ears, and a strong sense of smell, making them exceptional hunters.

History and Origin

The roots of the Blue Tick Hound can be traced back to the colonial era in the Southern United States. The breed is believed to have descended from French and English hounds brought to America by early settlers. The development of the Blue Tick Hound involved the crossing of various European hound breeds, resulting in a dog with exceptional tracking abilities and a distinctive blue coat pattern.

blue tick

Physical Characteristics and Temperament

Blue Tick Hounds have a robust and athletic build, which allows them to navigate rugged terrains with ease. They typically weigh between 45 to 80 pounds and stand around 21 to 27 inches tall at the shoulder. One of their most distinguishing features is their coat, which is short and dense with a blue or black base color and small, dark spots known as "ticks." This unique coat pattern gives them a striking appearance.

Blue Tick Hounds are known for their friendly and sociable nature. They are generally good-natured and get along well with children and other pets when properly socialized. While they make excellent family pets, it's important to note that they have a strong hunting instinct, which can sometimes lead to a high prey drive. This means they may chase small animals if not trained and supervised appropriately.

Always make sure to keep track of your pup, especially during training. You can use a Fi Smart Dog Collar to watch their location and keep track of daily exercise.

Training and Exercise Needs

As intelligent and energetic dogs, Blue Tick Hounds require mental and physical stimulation to thrive. Regular exercise is crucial to keep them happy and healthy. Engaging in activities such as long walks, jogging, or participating in scent work and tracking exercises can help channel their energy and fulfill their instinctual needs. Consistent and positive training methods are essential to establish boundaries and ensure they develop into well-behaved companions.

Health and Care

Blue Tick Hounds are generally healthy dogs with few breed-specific health issues. However, like any other breed, they may be prone to certain conditions such as:

1.      Hip Dysplasia: This is a common condition in larger breeds where the hip joint doesn't develop properly, causing discomfort and mobility issues. Regular exercise, a balanced diet, and proper veterinary care can help minimize the risk of hip dysplasia.

2.      Ear Infections: Due to their long, droopy ears, Blue Tick Hounds are more susceptible to ear infections. It's important to regularly check and clean their ears to prevent moisture buildup and bacterial growth.

3.      Obesity: Blue Tick Hounds have a hearty appetite and can be prone to weight gain if their diet is not properly regulated. Maintaining a balanced diet and providing regular exercise will help prevent obesity-related health problems.

To ensure the overall well-being of your Blue Tick Hound, regular veterinary check-ups, vaccinations, and parasite prevention are essential. Additionally, maintaining good dental hygiene through regular teeth brushing and providing appropriate chew toys can help keep their teeth and gums healthy.


Blue Tick Hounds have a long history of being utilized for various purposes due to their exceptional tracking abilities, endurance, and loyalty. Here are some of the popular uses and jobs where Blue Tick Hounds excel:

1.      Hunting Companions: Blue Tick Hounds are widely identified as excellent hunting dogs. Their keen sense of smell, tracking dexterities, and determination make them well-suited for hunting small game, such as raccoons, squirrels, and rabbits. They can track scents over long reaches, making them priceless assets to hunters.

2.      Search and Rescue Dogs: Blue Tick Hounds are commonly used in search and rescue operations. Their exceptional scenting abilities and judgment allow them to track and locate missing individuals, whether in wilderness areas, disaster zones, or urban environments. They work alongside human handlers to help rescue lives and provide comfort during difficult circumstances.

3.      Scent Detection Dogs: Due to their highly developed sense of smell, Blue Tick Hounds are often utilized as scent detection dogs. They are trained to detect specific scents, such as narcotics, explosives, or contraband objects. Their accuracy and reliability in detecting scents make them valuable investments in law enforcement agencies and security organizations.

4.      Competitive Tracking: Blue Tick Hounds are actively involved in competitive tracking events. These events test their tracking abilities and allow them to showcase their skills in following scent trails. Competitions range from simple scent trails to complex multi-surface and multi-terrain tracking challenges.

5.      Family Companions: Beyond their working abilities, Blue Tick Hounds also make loyal and loving family companions. They are known for their friendly and sociable nature, making them suitable for families who can provide them with the necessary exercise, mental stimulation, and affection. Blue Tick Hounds thrive in homes where they are included as part of the family and given ample attention and care.

It's important to note that while Blue Tick Hounds excel in these jobs and uses, their suitability for specific roles may vary based on individual traits, training, and socialization.

Famous Blue Tick Hounds

Over the years, several Blue Tick Hounds have gained fame and recognition for their remarkable abilities and achievements. One such famous Blue Tick Hound is "Old Blue," who was renowned for his extraordinary tracking skills and played a vital role in solving numerous criminal cases. Another notable Blue Tick Hound is "Blue," who gained popularity as a beloved character in a popular book series, showcasing the breed's loyalty and intelligence.

These famous Blue Tick Hounds have not only showcased the breed's exceptional capabilities but also helped raise awareness about their unique qualities as versatile working dogs and devoted companions.

Pros and Cons of Owning a Blue Tick Hound

Owning a Blue Tick Hound can be a rewarding experience, but it's important to consider both the pros and cons before making a decision:


1.      Loyal and Devoted: Blue Tick Hounds are known for their loyalty and devotion to their owners. They form strong bonds and thrive in a loving and nurturing environment.

2.      Exceptional Tracking Abilities: With their remarkable sense of smell and tracking skills, Blue Tick Hounds excel in hunting and search and rescue activities. Their ability to follow scents over long distances is truly impressive.

3.      Versatility: Blue Tick Hounds are versatile dogs that can adapt to different roles and activities. Whether it's hunting, search, and rescue, or being a loving family pet, they have the capacity to excel in various endeavors.

4.      Sturdy and Athletic: Blue Tick Hounds have a robust and athletic build, allowing them to navigate challenging terrains with ease. They are well-suited for active individuals or families who enjoy outdoor activities and exercise.


1.      High Exercise Needs: Blue Tick Hounds have high exercise requirements and need regular physical activity to stay happy and healthy. They thrive in environments where they can have plenty of exercise and mental stimulation. If you have a sedentary lifestyle or limited time for exercise, this breed may not be suitable for you.

2.      Prey Drive: Blue Tick Hounds have a strong instinctual prey drive, which means they may chase small animals. This requires proper training and supervision, especially if you have other pets like cats or small dogs.

3.      Independent Thinkers: Blue Tick Hounds can be independent thinkers and may exhibit stubbornness at times. This can make training a bit challenging, requiring patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement methods.

4.      Vocalization: Blue Tick Hounds are known to have a tendency to bark and howl, particularly when they sense something interesting or when they are bored. If you live in an apartment or have close neighbors, their vocal nature may be a concern.


Finding a Blue Tick Hound

If you're considering adding a Blue Tick Hound to your family, there are a few options for finding one:

1.      Breeder: Look for reputable breeders who specialize in Blue Tick Hounds. Make sure they prioritize the health and well-being of their dogs, provide proper socialization, and conduct necessary health tests.

2.      Rescue Organizations: Check local rescue organizations or shelters that may have Blue Tick Hounds available for adoption. This can be a rewarding way to give a deserving dog a second chance at a loving home.

3.      Online Platforms: Explore online platforms dedicated to connecting potential dog owners with breeders or adoption centers. Ensure you do thorough research and ask for references or reviews before making a decision.

When selecting a Blue Tick Hound, consider their temperament, health history, and compatibility with your lifestyle and family dynamics. It's important to choose a dog that will fit well into your home and receive the love and care it deserves.


Blue Tick Hounds are remarkable dogs with exceptional tracking abilities, loyalty, and versatility. They make devoted companions for active individuals or families who can provide the exercise, mental stimulation, and training they need. While they have certain considerations such as exercise requirements and independent thinking, the pros of owning a Blue Tick Hound often outweigh the cons for those who appreciate their unique qualities.

With their striking appearance, unwavering loyalty, and impressive scenting abilities, Blue Tick Hounds continue to captivate the hearts of dog lovers and remain an esteemed breed.



1.      Are Blue Tick Hounds good family pets?

Blue Tick Hounds can make excellent family pets if properly trained and socialized from an early age. They are known for their loyalty and devotion to their owners, and they often form strong bonds with all family members, including children. However, it's important to remember that Blue Tick Hounds have a high prey drive and may not be suitable for households with small pets unless they are carefully introduced and supervised.

2.      How much exercise do Blue Tick Hounds need?

Blue Tick Hounds are active and energetic dogs that require a significant amount of exercise to stay physically and mentally stimulated. They benefit from daily long walks, jogging, or engaging in activities that allow them to use their tracking instincts, such as scent work or dog sports. A minimum of 60 to 90 minutes of exercise per day is generally recommended for Blue Tick Hounds.

3.      Do Blue Tick Hounds have any health issues?

Blue Tick Hounds are generally healthy dogs with few breed-specific health concerns. However, they may be prone to conditions such as hip dysplasia, ear infections, and obesity if not properly cared for. Regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, exercise, and good grooming practices can help mitigate potential health issues and ensure their overall well-being.

4.      Can Blue Tick Hounds be trained easily?

Blue Tick Hounds are intelligent dogs, but they can also be independent thinkers, which may make training a bit challenging. They respond best to positive reinforcement techniques, consistency, and patience. Early socialization and obedience training are crucial to mold them into well-behaved companions. Working with a professional dog trainer or enrolling them in obedience classes can greatly assist in their training journey.

5.      Are Blue Tick Hounds suitable for apartment living?

Blue Tick Hounds have high exercise needs and require ample space to move around. While they can adapt to apartment living with proper exercise and mental stimulation, it's not an ideal environment for them. Blue Tick Hounds thrive in homes with a securely fenced yard or access to open spaces where they can explore and use their tracking instincts. If living in an apartment, it's essential to provide them with regular exercise through long walks or visits to dog parks to meet their activity requirements.