When it comes to canine companions, the Scottish Terrier, often affectionately referred to as the "Scottie," stands out with its distinctive appearance and spirited personality. This compact and robust breed has captured the hearts of dog lovers around the world. In this comprehensive guide, we'll delve into the fascinating world of Scottish Terriers, exploring their history, characteristics, care requirements, and much more.

black and white Scottish Terrier

As we embark on this journey to discover the captivating world of Scottish Terriers, we will uncover the rich history, delightful personality traits, and essential care guidelines that make these small dogs a beloved addition to countless households.

Origins and History

From Scotland to the World:

The Scottish Terrier's roots trace back to the rugged landscapes of Scotland, where they were originally bred for their tenacity and determination in hunting small game. These little warriors earned their keep by tirelessly pursuing vermin, proving their worthiness as skilled hunters and loyal companions.

Scottish Terrier GPS collar

Terrier Traditions:

Throughout history, Scottish Terriers have left an indelible mark on various cultures. Their appearances in art, literature, and even political cartoons have cemented their place in society. Notably, President Franklin D. Roosevelt had a beloved Scottie named Fala, who became a symbol of loyalty during his presidency.

Distinctive Appearance

The Scottie's Iconic Silhouette

One cannot mistake the distinctive silhouette of a Scottish Terrier. With its erect ears, bushy eyebrows, and compact build, the Scottie exudes an air of confidence and curiosity. Their well-proportioned bodies and unique stance make them a true standout among dog breeds.

Coat Colors and Textures: A Diverse Palette

Scottish Terriers come in a variety of coat colors, ranging from sleek black to brindle and wheaten. Their wiry double coats not only contribute to their regal appearance but also serve as protection against the elements. Regular brushing and grooming help maintain the beauty of their coats.

Average Weight and Height

The ideal weight range for an adult Scottish Terrier typically falls between 19 and 22 pounds (8.6 to 10 kg). However, individual dogs may vary slightly from this range while still maintaining the breed's characteristic sturdy and compact build. Maintaining a healthy weight is essential to ensure the Scottie's overall well-being and vitality.

In terms of height, Scottish Terriers stand at around 10 to 11 inches (25 to 28 cm) at the shoulder. This measurement contributes to their well-proportioned and balanced appearance. Despite their modest stature, Scottish Terriers possess a robust and muscular body that exudes an air of confidence.

Factors Affecting Size

The size of a Scottish Terrier can be influenced by various factors, including genetics, nutrition, and overall health. Proper care, a balanced diet, regular exercise, and routine veterinary check-ups all play a role in ensuring that your Scottie grows and maintains a healthy size.

Monitoring Your Scottie's Size

Regularly monitoring your Scottish Terrier's weight and height is important, especially during their growth phases. Puppies will go through growth spurts, and it's essential to ensure that their development is on track. Consulting with a veterinarian can provide valuable guidance on maintaining your Scottie's optimal size and weight.

Temperament and Personality

Bold and Feisty: Understanding the Scottie's Nature

Despite their small size, Scottish Terriers possess an abundance of personality. They are known for their feisty and fearless demeanor, never backing down from a challenge. Scotties are fiercely loyal to their families and are often protective, making them excellent watchdogs.

Loyal Companions: Scotties in the Family Setting

In a family environment, Scottish Terriers thrive as devoted and affectionate companions. Their playful antics and unwavering loyalty create strong bonds with their human counterparts. While they may be a bit reserved with strangers, their affectionate nature shines through with those they know and love.

Training and Exercise

Nurturing Intelligence: Training a Scottish Terrier

Training a Scottish Terrier requires patience and consistency. These intelligent dogs respond well to positive reinforcement techniques and enjoy mental stimulation. Basic obedience training and early socialization are essential to help them grow into well-mannered companions.

Playful Energy: Exercise Regimen for a Happy Scottie

While Scotties have a moderate energy level, regular exercise is crucial to keep them physically and mentally satisfied. Daily walks, playtime, and interactive dog toys help channel their energy and prevent boredom.

Grooming and Maintenance

a Scottish Terrier dog sleeping on a chair next to a christmas tree

A Fluffy Affair: Caring for the Scottie's Coat

Scottish Terriers' distinctive coats require regular care to keep them looking their best. Brushing several times a week helps prevent matting, while professional grooming every few months ensures a neat appearance.

Tidbits for Tidiness: Grooming Tips and Tricks

Trimming the Scottie's nails, cleaning their ears, and brushing their teeth are all important aspects of their grooming routine. These tasks not only enhance their appearance but also contribute to their overall health and well-being.

Health and Well-being

Common Health Concerns:

Like all breeds, Scottish Terriers are prone to certain health issues, including genetic conditions. Regular veterinary check-ups and a balanced diet can help mitigate potential problems and keep them in optimal health.

Diet and Exercise for Optimal Health

Feeding your Scottie a high-quality diet tailored to their nutritional needs is essential for their well-being. Consult your veterinarian to determine the right feeding regimen and portion sizes. Additionally, regular exercise supports their physical and mental health.

Socialization and Interaction

Mingling with Canine Pals: Scotties in the Dog Park

Proper socialization is key to helping Scottish Terriers develop good behavior around other dogs. Regular visits to the dog park or playdates with well-behaved companions can enhance their social skills and ensure harmonious interactions.

Building Bridges: Introducing Scotties to Other Pets

Introducing a Scottie to other household pets requires patience and supervision. With gradual introductions and positive reinforcement, they can learn to coexist peacefully with furry friends like cats or other dogs.

Scotties in Pop Culture

From Hollywood to Literature: Scotties in the Spotlight

Scottish Terriers have graced the screens of Hollywood and the pages of classic literature, leaving an enduring mark on popular culture. Their charming appearances and distinct personalities have made them memorable characters in various forms of media.

Famous Scottie Companions: Endearing Tales

Throughout history, numerous notable figures have shared their lives with Scotties. From U.S. Presidents to renowned authors, the stories of these famous Scottie companions provide insight into the breed's cherished role as a beloved companion.

Choosing Your Scottie

Finding Your Furry Match: Picking the Right Scottie

Before bringing a Scottish Terrier into your home, consider your lifestyle, living situation, and the needs of the breed. Research reputable breeders or consider adopting from a rescue organization to ensure a happy and healthy partnership.

Welcoming Your Scottie Home: Preparations and Essentials

Prepare your home for your new Scottie by creating a comfortable and safe environment. Stock up on essentials like dog food, bedding, puzzle toys, and grooming supplies to ensure a smooth transition for your new furry family member.

Average Price of Scottish Terriers:

When considering bringing a Scottish Terrier into your home, it's important to factor in the cost of acquiring this beloved breed. The price of a Scottish Terrier can vary based on various factors, including pedigree, breeder reputation, location, and availability. Let's delve into what you can expect in terms of the average price for a Scottish Terrier.

Understanding Price Range

The cost of a Scottish Terrier puppy can range from around $800 to $2,500 or more. This wide range is influenced by several factors, and it's essential to understand the reasons behind the variations in price.

Factors Affecting Price

1. Pedigree and Lineage

Scottish Terriers with exceptional lineage and pedigree tend to command higher prices. Puppies from well-known and reputable breeding lines may come with a premium due to the assurance of desirable traits and health considerations.

2. Breeder Reputation

Reputable breeders who prioritize the health and well-being of their puppies often charge higher prices. These breeders invest in quality care, health checks, vaccinations, and socialization, which contribute to the overall cost.

3. Location

The geographical location plays a role in determining the price of a Scottish Terrier. In areas with higher living costs, puppies are likely to be priced higher to reflect the local economic conditions.

4. Color and Coat

Scottish Terriers come in various dog coat colors, and certain color variations may be more sought after, impacting their price. Coat quality and texture can also influence pricing, especially if the coat adheres closely to breed standards.

Scottish Terrier FI Collar

Additional Costs to Consider

When budgeting for a Scottish Terrier, it's important to consider more than just the initial purchase price. Additional costs include:

  • Veterinary Care: Routine check-ups, vaccinations, and preventive medications are essential for maintaining your Scottie's health.
  • Grooming: Regular grooming is required to keep their distinctive coat in top condition.
  • Supplies: Purchasing food, toys, bedding, GPS dog collar, and other necessities add to the initial investment.
  • Training: Professional training or obedience classes may be necessary to ensure a well-behaved and socialized pet.

Avoiding Pitfalls

While a lower price tag might be appealing, it's crucial to avoid purchasing from puppy mills or disreputable breeders. These sources often prioritize profit over the health and welfare of the puppies. Always research and choose a breeder who prioritizes responsible breeding practices.

Scottish Terriers' Roles in Society:

short-coated grey Scottish Terrier dog in the forest

We'll explore the multifaceted roles that Scottish Terriers have fulfilled, showcasing their versatility and unique contributions.

1. Companionship

At their core, Scottish Terriers are cherished companions. Their loyalty, affection, and playful nature make them ideal furry friends for individuals, families, and even the elderly. Their unwavering devotion and ability to form strong bonds contribute to their role as loving and reliable companions.

2. Vermin Hunters

Scottish Terriers were initially bred for their exceptional hunting skills. With a keen sense of smell and a relentless determination, these terriers were adept at hunting and capturing vermin, such as rats and mice. Their tenacity and fearlessness made them indispensable on farms, in households, and even in industrial settings.

3. Show Dogs and Canine Celebrities

Over the years, Scottish Terriers have made a name for themselves in the world of dog shows and entertainment. Their distinctive appearance and charming personalities have led to their prominence in the spotlight. Notable Scotties have graced magazine covers, appeared in movies, and even inhabited the White House as beloved presidential pets.

4. Symbol of National Pride

In their native Scotland, Scottish Terriers hold a special place in the hearts of many as a symbol of national pride. They are often associated with Scottish heritage and have become emblematic of the country's unique culture and history.

5. Therapeutic Companions

Scottish Terriers, like many other happy dog breeds, have shown their therapeutic qualities by providing comfort and emotional support to individuals facing physical or emotional challenges. Their presence can uplift spirits, reduce stress, and offer a sense of companionship to those in need.

6. Ambassadors for Charitable Causes

Some Scottish Terriers have taken on the role of ambassadors for charitable causes, using their popularity and endearing personalities to raise awareness and funds for various philanthropic endeavors. Their presence can draw attention to important issues and encourage support from the public.

7. Guardians and Watchdogs

Despite their small size, Scottish Terriers possess a strong protective instinct. They have served as reliable watchdogs, alerting their owners to potential intruders and guarding their homes and families.


In conclusion, the Scottish Terrier's captivating blend of history, distinctive appearance, lively personality, and devoted companionship make them a cherished breed for many dog enthusiasts. Whether you're drawn to their iconic silhouette, their boundless loyalty, or their role in popular culture, the Scottie's charm is undeniable.


Q1: Are Scottish Terriers good with children?

  • Scottish Terriers can be great companions for children, but early socialization and supervision are key to a harmonious relationship.

Q2: Do Scotties shed a lot?

  • While Scotties have a double coat, their shedding is relatively minimal. Regular brushing helps manage any loose hair.

Q3: Are Scottish Terriers hypoallergenic?

  • While no dog breed is completely hypoallergenic, Scottish Terriers' wiry coats may produce fewer allergens compared to some other breeds.

Q4: How often should I groom my Scottie?

  • Regular brushing a few times a week and professional grooming every 6-8 weeks will help keep your Scottie's coat in top condition.

Q5: Are Scottish Terriers prone to any health issues?

  • Scottish Terriers can be susceptible to conditions like Scottie cramp and von Willebrand's disease. Regular vet check-ups are crucial to monitor their health.