If you own a dog, you’re in good company with the 63.4 million American households that have a canine companion in their homes. Many people view their pets as family members. It only makes sense that you’d ask, when can I take my puppy outside?


There are a few things you need to know up front before you take your pup outdoors. The answer rests both with you and your dog’s health and safety. Let’s break it down to help you make an informed decision about when the time is right.

Getting a New Puppy

The first consideration is your pup’s age. You shouldn’t separate a puppy from his mother and littermates before 8 weeks old. This time is vital for socialization and your dog’s mental health. Getting a pet that is too young increases its risk for behavioral issues. Responsible breeders understand its importance and will only sell puppies ready to make this transition.

Safety and Importance of Outdoor Time

Taking your puppy outside is the proverbial double-edged sword. Safety concerns exist if you do—or don’t. Let’s look at both sides of the question to help you decide when the time is right.

Vaccinations and Deworming

We strongly urge you to limit outdoor time and the places your puppy goes until he is finished with his initial vaccination and deworming series. He should be good to go around 16 weeks if you’ve kept him on schedule.

Remember that puppies can get parasites and other nasties even from your backyard.


The time between 8–12 weeks is a critical one for your pup. He is realizing what it means to be a dog. He’s also learning what a human is. Puppies also go through two fear impact stages that can set lifelong behavioral patterns.

A good rule of thumb is to follow the rules of seven. That means your pet should meet seven new people every seven days while he is between 7 weeks and 7 months old. That’s going to help a lot when you take your dog outside. After all, who can resist reaching down to pet a puppy?

As a puppy, Winston was constantly moving and has not been an easy subject.  This was one of the first portraits of our new dog, and I had to draw his attention straight up to get him looking into the camera (between moments when he jumped up towards me, leaving the area of focus).

Going Outside

Dogs aren’t unlike people when it comes to trying new things. Exposure to these experiences can reduce fearfulness in your pup. It goes hand in hand with meeting strangers. Bear in mind that you’re molding your pet’s personality at this stage of his young life.

It’s part of what makes ownership such a weighty responsibility. However, it’s also essential to prepare your puppy for his first adventures in his new world.


We’ve discussed the health side of things with vaccinations and deworming. There is also another aspect of pet care that you should also remember to make the transition to going outdoors smooth, with fewer health risks.

Sixteen weeks is a reasonable threshold for taking your puppy outside on that score. You should also start preventive measures for fleas and ticks as well as heartworm. The great thing about the latter is that these meds often do double duty and cover internal parasites, such as roundworms.

Another thing you should discuss with your vet is getting your pup a Bordetella bronchiseptica vaccination. You may recognize this health condition by its more common moniker, kennel cough. It’s not mandatory like rabies. However, many kennels, groomers, and daycare centers may require it.

Our advice is that if your pet meets other canine friends, it’s a wise precaution.

The First Walks

We discussed fear impact stages earlier. They are something to keep in mind when you take your pup out for his first walks. They occur between 8–12 weeks and again between 7–14 months. Your goal is to foster positive associations with going outside on walks. Treats are an excellent motivator on that front.

Puppy Playtime

Many vet clinics and pet stores offer puppy playtime for young pets to meet other canine friends. Bear in mind that the kennel cough vaccine we discussed before is often required. You’ll also find that many retail stores, such as Lowes are dog-friendly and offer more opportunities to meet people and pets.

What a cute puppy picture

Doggie Parks

What’s not to love about a doggie park? Over 90 percent of Americans believe they benefit communities, too, in addition to the pups. The primary advantage is that it provides your pet with a safe place to play. That’s critical for those fear impact stages.

Many municipalities have embraced dog parks, particularly in urban areas. That’s one reason why there are nearly 90 percent more designated areas since 2007. That’s a good thing since these settings often offer fewer opportunities for socialization than other places.

It’s imperative to keep one thing in mind before bringing your puppy to the doggie park. Just because you’ve had your pet vaccinated, that doesn’t mean every dog in the place is up to date. That’s why we recommended using that factor as your threshold for when you can take your puppy outside for the first time.

Benefits of Taking Your Puppy Outside

Going outdoors offers many benefits for your pet when done properly at the right time. However, we’d be remiss if we didn’t mention how it helps you, too. Taking your puppy outside can lower your blood pressure and improve your mental health. It can help you get outside and meet new people and pets, too.

At the very least, walking your pup will get you both active. That can help bolster your physical fitness while preventing obesity. It’s also an excellent way to bond with your pet. Those daily strolls will benefit you and your puppy in numerous ways that go well beyond the leash time. Besides, they’ll also give you a chance to reinforce your pet’s canine manners.

Final Thoughts

Getting a new puppy is a rewarding experience on so many levels. Making wise choices is part of the responsibility of pet ownership. The best time to take your new pet outdoors is after he is finished with his initial vaccinations and deworming.

When it’s time to get outside and explore, be sure to check out Fi to keep your canine companion safe. It will help make those times special for both of you.