Teaching your dog to heel is an essential skill that can greatly improve your daily walks and overall relationship with your furry companion. When a dog learns to walk calmly by your side, both you and your pet can enjoy a more relaxed and enjoyable experience.

A well-trained dog demonstrates good manners and ensures a safer and more controlled environment for everyone involved. In this step-by-step guide for dog owners, we will explore the heel command and share practical tips to help your dog master walking by your left side, using treats as positive reinforcement throughout the training process.

Preparation for Heel Training

Preparation for Heel Training

Heel training is essential to teaching your dog good manners and basic obedience skills. It's a fun and rewarding process that involves teaching your dog to walk politely by your side without pulling on the leash. Here is some informative detail on preparing for heel training, keeping your keywords in mind.

Basic obedience skills

Before you begin heel training, it's essential to teach your dog some basic obedience skills. These skills will lay the foundation for successful healing and ensure that you have control over your dog during training sessions.

  1. Sit: Teaching your dog to sit on command is the first step in any training program. It's an easy skill to teach and provides a solid foundation for more advanced commands.
  2. Stay: The stay command helps you maintain control over your dog when you need them to remain in a specific position for a period of time. This skill is particularly useful when teaching healing, as it can help prevent your dog from wandering off.
  3. Come: The come command, also known as recall, teaches your dog to return to you when called. This skill is crucial for maintaining control during heel training and ensuring your dog's safety in various environments.

Choosing the right training environment

When beginning heel training, finding a suitable environment where your dog can focus on learning without distractions is essential. Traditionally, heel training occurs indoors, such as inside your house or a training facility. This lets your dog concentrate on the task at hand and helps set the pace for a successful training session.

Gather necessary training tools

To teach your dog to heel effectively, you'll need a few essential tools to help mark and reward its progress.

  1. Leash: A leash is necessary for heel training, as it helps you maintain control over your dog and guides them into the correct position. Choose a comfortable leash for both you and your dog, which is the appropriate length for your training goals.
  2. Treats: Treats are an effective way to reward your dog for good behavior during heel training. Be sure to choose small, easy-to-consume treats that your dog enjoys. Remember to provide the treats in moderation to avoid overfeeding.
  3. Clicker (optional): A clicker is a small device that emits a clicking sound when pressed. It can be used to mark the exact moment your dog performs the desired behavior, making it easier for them to understand what is expected of them. Although using a clicker is optional, many trainers find it helpful in teaching heel training and other obedience skills
Sunflower walk

Step-by-Step Guide to Teaching Your Dog to Heel

Step 1: Introducing the heel command

The first step in teaching a dog to heel involves introducing the heel command, which is essential to ensure your dog learns to walk at your pace and remain by your side. First, position yourself and your dog on the left side of your body, as this is the traditional side for healing.

Hold a treat in your left hand, close to your dog's nose, to keep them engaged and excited. Use verbal cues such as "heel" and hand signals, like extending your left arm down and back, to clearly communicate the desired behavior. As your dog starts walking at your pace, mark this progress by using a clicker or simply saying "yes."

A clicker is an easy and effective tool to provide instant feedback, making it fun for your dog to learn. Keep practicing this step both inside the house and outdoors, and in no time, your furry companion will understand what "heel" means and find joy in heeling by your side during walks.

Step 2: Encouraging correct positioning

Step 2 of teaching a dog to heel focuses on encouraging correct positioning by consistently rewarding your dog with treats and using a clicker if desired. As your dog begins to understand the heel command.

It is crucial to reinforce the desired behavior by providing treats as positive reinforcement. Whenever your dog maintains the correct position at your left side and walks at your pace, promptly reward them with a treat to emphasize that they are doing the right thing.

Using a clicker can be an optional but highly effective training aid to mark your dog's successful moments in real-time. As your dog walks by your side, click the clicker and immediately provide a treat. This will help your dog associate the click with the reward, reinforcing the desired behavior.

Gradually, your dog will learn to maintain the correct position and heel consistently, thanks to your diligent efforts and the power of positive reinforcement through treats and clicker training.

Step 3: Adding movement

Step 3 in teaching a dog to heel involves adding movement, which is essential for ensuring your dog maintains the heel position while walking. Begin by standing on your dog's left side and giving the heel command, encouraging them to assume the correct position.

As you start walking forward, keeping your dog's attention on you and maintaining the heel position is important. You may use treats or a toy to keep your dog engaged and focused on staying by your side. While walking, consistently reward your dog for maintaining the heel position by providing treats or praise, reinforcing the desired behavior.

If your dog starts to stray from the heel position, gently guide them back to your side and reward them for correcting their position. Practicing this step regularly will help your dog understand the importance of staying in the heel position while moving, eventually leading to a well-behaved and controlled walking experience for both you and your canine companion.

Step 4: Increasing the duration and distance

Step 4 of teaching a dog to heel entails increasing the duration and distance, which helps solidify the behavior and ensures your dog can maintain the heel position for extended periods. To accomplish this, gradually increase the challenge by walking for longer distances and over varied terrain. Start with short distances and slowly progress to longer walks, ensuring your dog remains in the heel position throughout.

As your dog masters heeling for short distances, you can gradually reduce the frequency of treats and shift to intermittent reinforcement. This way, your dog will learn to maintain the heel position without relying solely on treats. Remember to provide reinforcement for continued success by praising your dog, offering treats, or using a clicker to mark good behavior.

Consistently increasing the duration and distance of your walks while reinforcing the heel position will help your dog develop the skill and confidence to maintain proper healing behavior during any walking situation.

Step 5: Practicing turns and changes in pace

Step 5 of teaching a dog to heel involves practicing turns and changes in pace, which helps your dog adapt to varying walking situations while maintaining the heel position. To master this step, begin incorporating left, right, and about-turns during your walks, ensuring your dog stays by your side throughout each turn.

Additionally, adjusting your walking speed is essential for teaching your dog to adapt to different paces while healing. Practice walking slowly, then gradually increase your speed to a brisk walk or even a jog, rewarding your dog for maintaining the heel position as you change speeds.

Consistently rewarding your dog with treats, praise, or a clicker will help reinforce its ability to adapt to turns and pace changes without losing the heel position. By practicing these skills regularly, your dog will become more comfortable and confident in maintaining the heel position during diverse walking scenarios, ultimately leading to a harmonious and enjoyable walking experience for both you and your furry companion.

Troubleshooting Common Issues

Problem: The dog consistently pulls on the leash

One common issue dog owners face is when they consistently pull on the leash while walking. This behavior can make walking your dog a frustrating and unpleasant experience. However, a solution to this problem is called the "penalty yard" technique.

The penalty yard technique involves stopping the walk and having the dog sit for a few seconds every time they pull on the leash. After the brief pause, the owner can continue walking, and if the dog pulls again, they stop and sit again.

This technique teaches the dog that pulling on the leash will result in less time spent walking and more time spent sitting. It may take some consistency and patience, but the dog should learn to walk calmly on a loose leash over time.

Problem: Dog lags behind or refuses to move

Another common issue that dog owners face is when their dog lags behind or refuses to move during walks. This behavior can be frustrating, especially if you are in a hurry. However, there is a solution to this problem: encouraging movement with treats and praise.

Using treats and praise can be an effective way to motivate your dog to move during walks. Whenever your dog takes a step forward, please give them a treat and praise them. This positive reinforcement will encourage your dog to continue moving forward. Over time, your dog will associate walking with positive experiences and will be more likely to stay engaged and motivated during walks. This will allow you to enjoy walks with your dog more reguarly.

Problem: Dog loses focus easily

Lastly, some dogs may lose focus during training sessions, making teaching them new behaviors or tricks difficult. This can be frustrating for dog owners who want to train their dog effectively. However, a solution to this problem is shortening training sessions and adding distractions.

Shortening training sessions can help prevent your dog from becoming overwhelmed or bored. Dogs have a shorter attention span than humans, so keeping training sessions short and focused can be more effective. Additionally, adding distractions can help your dog stay focused and engaged during training.

For example, if you are trying to teach your dog to "stay," you can gradually increase the level of distraction by introducing more noise or movement in the environment. By gradually increasing the difficulty of the training, your dog will learn to stay focused and respond to your commands even in distracting environments.

Advanced Heel Training Techniques

Off-leash heel training

Off-leash heel training is an advanced technique that involves training a dog to heel without a leash. This technique requires the dog to have a solid understanding of the heel command and the ability to follow it even when there are no physical restrictions.

The training process for off-leash heel training involves gradually reducing leash use while maintaining control over the dog's behavior. This can be done by using a long line to give the dog more freedom while still being able to correct them if they stray from the heel position. Eventually, the dog should be able to heel reliably without a leash in a controlled environment before being tested in more distracting situations.

Training with distractions

Another advanced technique for teaching dogs to heel is training them in increasingly distracting environments. This technique involves gradually introducing distractions that may cause the dog to lose focus or break from the heel position, such as other dogs, people, or loud noises.

The training process for training with distractions involves slowly increasing the level of distraction while reinforcing the heel command. This can be done by starting with low-level distractions and gradually increasing the difficulty over time. It's important to reward the dog for maintaining the heel position even when faced with distractions and to use positive reinforcement to keep them engaged and focused.

Incorporating the heel command into other activities

Another advanced technique for teaching a dog to heel is incorporating the heel command into other activities, such as retrieving or agility. This technique involves teaching the dog to maintain the heel position while performing other tasks, which can be challenging but rewarding for both the dog and the handler.

The training process for incorporating the heel command into other activities involves first teaching the dog to heel reliably in a controlled environment. Once the dog understands the heel command, you can start introducing other activities while maintaining the heel position.

It's important to reward the dog for maintaining the heel position even while performing other activities and gradually increase the difficulty of the tasks over time. With consistent practice and positive reinforcement, the dog should be able to maintain the heel position in various activities.


Teaching your dog to heel is an essential skill that can make walking and outings more enjoyable for you and your dog. The process requires patience, persistence, and a clear understanding of the training techniques involved. By following a step-by-step guide, dog owners can train their dogs to walk calmly and confidently by their side without pulling or lagging behind.

A well-trained dog's benefits include increased safety, better socialization, and improved communication. In addition, training your dog to heel can help strengthen the bond between you and your furry companion, leading to a more fulfilling and rewarding relationship. With consistent practice, positive reinforcement, and a little patience, any dog can learn to heel, making walks and outings more enjoyable for you and your furry friend.

Get more expert advice on pet-parenting by visiting the Off Leash blog at TryFi.com.

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