The Deer Head Chihuahua is a variant of the Chihuahua, a breed that boasts an intriguing history deeply rooted in Mexican culture. This specific type of Chihuahua is characterized by its deer-like head shape, featuring a longer nose and less pronounced eyes compared to its Apple Head counterpart. As the smallest dog breed, Chihuahuas are known for their fierce loyalty and spirited personality, which belie their diminutive stature.

Originating in Mexico, the breed has connections to the ancient Techichi dogs, which were kept by the Toltec civilization and later, the Aztecs. These historical dogs were believed to have spiritual significance, accompanying their masters in life and death. The Deer Head Chihuahua carries the legacy of its ancestors, retaining the breed's hallmark traits while sporting a distinct look.

Deer Head Chihuahua

Through selective breeding and natural adaptation, the Deer Head Chihuahua has become popularized for its unique appearance. While not officially recognized as a standalone breed by major kennel clubs, enthusiasts and breeders acknowledge the physical distinctions that set these dogs apart within the Chihuahua category. Their heritage and charm continue to captivate dog lovers around the world, cementing the Deer Head Chihuahua’s place in the tapestry of canine breeds.

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Breed Characteristics and Standards

The Deer Head Chihuahua is a variety of Chihuahua with distinct characteristics that set it apart from the Apple Head variety, including its head shape and size, and the length of its muzzle.

Physical Attributes

Deer Head Chihuahuas are a toy breed known for their graceful, yet compact stature. This breed stands between 5 to 8 inches tall, and should not weigh more than 6 pounds, according to the American Kennel Club (AKC) standards. In comparison to the Apple Head Chihuahua, the Deer Head variety has a longer neck and longer legs.

  • Size:
    • Height: 5-8 inches
    • Weight: Not exceeding 6 pounds
  • Body:
    • Legs: Longer
    • Neck: Longer
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Coat and Colors

Their coats come in two varieties: the short coat and the long coat. Both types require regular grooming, with the long coat needing more frequent attention to prevent matting. Deer Head Chihuahuas exhibit a range of colors, including red, tan, fawn, white, black, brown, silver, and chocolate. While multi-colored coats are common, solid-color Deer Heads are often sought after.

  • Coat Type:
    • Short Coat – Minimal grooming
    • Long Coat – Regular grooming to avoid matting
  • Colors:
    • Red
    • Tan
    • Fawn
    • White
    • Black
    • Brown
    • Silver
    • Chocolate

Head Shape and Size

The term "Deer Head" itself refers to the shape of the dog's head, which resembles that of a deer. This variety possesses a longer muzzle and its head is shaped more like a wedge compared to the round, domed head of the Apple Head Chihuahua. The American Kennel Club does not have a breed standard that distinguishes the Deer Head from the Apple Head, but breed enthusiasts recognize the difference in head shape as a notable attribute.

  • Head: Wedge-shaped
  • Muzzle: Long
  • Comparison to Apple Head: Less round, not officially recognized by AKC as a separate standard

Temperament and Behavior

The Deer Head Chihuahua is known for its vibrant temperament and distinct behavior. These dogs often exhibit a combination of affection, loyalty, and sassiness, making them both challenging and rewarding companions.

Personality Traits

The Deer Head Chihuahua displays a wide array of personality traits, making it a unique breed. Known for their confidence and alertness, they make excellent watchdogs despite their small size. Typically, they are energetic and feisty, with an intelligence that can sometimes translate into stubbornness. When it comes to their owners and families, they are intensely affectionate and loyal, often forming strong bonds. Although their behavior can become sassy or even aggressive if not properly managed, they are generally friendly dogs with the right training.

  • Confidence: They carry themselves with a notable self-assuredness.
  • Alertness: Always attentive to their surroundings.
  • Energetic: They have high energy levels that require regular exercise.
  • Sassy: Can exhibit a bold and spirited attitude.
  • Intelligence: Capable of learning quickly but may be willful.

Socialization and Training

Socialization should start early for the Deer Head Chihuahua, as their feisty nature can lead to aggression if they're not accustomed to a variety of people, kids, and other animals. They respond well to positive reinforcement and consistent training sessions. In terms of training, they can learn a wide range of commands, but patience and perseverance are key, as their sassy streak can make them less responsive to directives.

  • Commands: Responds best to clear, concise instructions.
  • Positive Reinforcement: Rewards and praise effectively reinforce good behavior.
  • Socialization: Early exposure is paramount to prevent negative behaviors.
  • Kids and Other Animals: Positive interactions help them become more friendly and reduce potential issues.

Note: Always ensure that any interactions with children are supervised, as the small size of the Deer Head Chihuahua makes them delicate and at times, less tolerant of inadvertent rough handling.

Health and Care

Proper health and care are paramount for a Deer Head Chihuahua's longevity, which can reach up to 20 years. This segment focuses on the breed's specific health considerations, essential grooming and dietary practices, and the importance of adequate exercise.

Deer Head Chihuahua

Common Health Issues

Deer Head Chihuahuas may be prone to certain health issues. Key concerns include:

  • Patellar Luxation: This condition involves the dislocation of the kneecap, which can cause discomfort and mobility issues.
  • Hypoglycemia: They often experience low blood sugar, which is critical to monitor, especially in puppies or during stressful periods.

Grooming and Diet

Proper grooming and diet play a vital role in maintaining the health of these dogs.

  • Grooming Needs: Regular brushing helps to control shedding and maintain the coat type, which is usually smoother and less dense in Deer Head Chihuahuas.
  • Diet: A balanced diet is crucial. High-quality kibble tailored for small breeds can help maintain their overall health and cater to their metabolism.

Exercise and Playtime

Despite their small size, Deer Head Chihuahuas have a moderate energy level that requires regular stimulation.

  • Exercise: Daily walks and playtime are necessary to keep them physically and mentally healthy.
  • Energy Management: Appropriate exercise helps manage their energy, preventing boredom and anxiety that could lead to destructive behavior.

Historical and Breed Information

The Deer Head Chihuahua holds a distinctive place within the broader Chihuahua breed, rooted in a rich history that traces back to ancient Mexico.

Origins of the Deer Head Chihuahua

The Deer Head Chihuahua is a variety of the Chihuahua breed, differentiated from its counterpart, the Apple Head Chihuahua, by the shape of its head and face. History indicates that the breed's origins are in Mexico, with ancestors that likely include the Techichi dog, which was kept by the Toltecs and later by the Aztecs. This ancient breed is believed to have spiritual significance and was a companion animal that played a role in pre-Columbian rituals.

When it comes to the American Kennel Club (AKC), officially recognized the Chihuahua in 1904, although it does not differentiate between the Deer Head and Apple Head varieties in its standard; rather, it categorizes all of them under the singular breed name, Chihuahua. However, enthusiasts and breeders specify the difference due to their distinct physical characteristics.

In dog shows, most standard Chihuahuas seen conform to the Apple Head variety due to the strict breed standards set by organizations like the AKC. Despite this, Deer Head Chihuahuas have maintained their popularity among pet owners for their unique appearance and companionable nature.

While direct evidence linking the Deer Head Chihuahua to the Techichi is speculative, many believe that the modern Deer Head Chihuahuas retain a stronger resemblance to these ancient dogs than their Apple Head counterparts. The history of the breed, deeply intertwined with the Aztecs, adds a layer of cultural significance to their identity, with the Aztecs having revered these dogs for their small size and lively temperament.

Deer Head Chihuahua

The Deer Head Chihuahua continues to charm dog lovers with its expressive eyes and elongated muzzle, characteristics that distinguish it from its Apple Head relatives. Despite not being the standard in dog show rings, it remains a beloved pet in many households, both within Mexico and internationally.


In conclusion, caring for your Deer Head Chihuahua is essential for their health and happiness. By understanding their unique traits and providing proper care, you can ensure a fulfilling life for your beloved pet. Remember to prioritize regular exercise, mental stimulation, and veterinary check-ups to keep your Deer Head Chihuahua thriving. With love and attention, you can enjoy a strong bond and many joyful moments with your loyal companion.